Published Papers about ASCII -- Robert W. Bemer


This document is the ASCII subset of all papers by R. W. Bemer,
and maintains their numbering in the complete set.


  1. R.W.Bemer, "A proposal for a generalized card code of 256 characters",
    Commun. ACM 2, No. 9, 19-23, 1959 Sep
    -- Computing Reviews 00025
      Early public hint of 8-bit bytes to come.
  2. R.W.Bemer, W.Buchholz, "An extended character set standard",
    IBM Tech. Pub. TR00.18000.705, 1960 Jan, rev. TR00.721, 1960 Jun
    -- Computing Reviews 00813
  3. R.W.Bemer, "A proposal for character code compatibility",
    Commun. ACM 3, No. 2, 71-72 (1960 Feb)
    -- Computing Reviews 00320
    -- Computer Abstracts 60-865
      Here was disclosed Bemer's invention of escape sequences. (See it)
  4. R.W.Bemer, "Survey of coded character representation",
    Commun. ACM 3, No. 12, 639-641, 1960 Dec
    -- Computing Reviews 00639
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-287
      Exposing the Babel of internal computer codes,
         the impetus for the creation of ASCII.

  5. R.W.Bemer, H.J.Smith, Jr., F.A.Williams,
    "Design of an improved transmission/data processing code",
    Commun. ACM 4, No. 5, 212-217, 225, 1961 May
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-1920
      ASCII in its original form.
  6. R.W.Bemer, W.Buchholz, "Character set",
    Chapter 6 in Planning a Computer System, McGraw-Hill, 1962
    -- Computer Abstracts 62-2004
  7. R.W.Bemer, "The American standard code for information interchange",
    Datamation 9, No. 8, 32-36, 1963 Aug, and ibid 9, No. 9, 39-44, 1963 Sep
    -- Computing Reviews 04910
    -- Computer Abstracts 63-2778
      First major article on ASCII after its formal birth.
  8. R.W.Bemer, J.Booth, "Comments on bit-sequencing of the ASCII in
    serial-by-bit data transmission",
    Commun. ACM 7, No. 8, 483-485, 1964 Aug
    -- Computing Reviews 06519
    -- Computer Abstracts 64-2270
  9. R.W.Bemer, "Information processing - a bit expensive?",
    Forum Editorial, Datamation 12, No. 6, 140, 1966 Jun
  10. R.W.Bemer, "ESC facility in USASCII",
    Letter to the Editor, Commun. ACM 10, No. 4, 202, 1967 Apr
  11. R.W.Bemer, "On format effectors",
    Commun. ACM 10, No. 7, 396, 1967 Jul
  12. R.W.Bemer, "Towards standards for handwritten zero and oh",
    Commun. ACM 10, 8, 513-518, 1967 Aug
    -- Computing Reviews 14629
    -- Computer Abstracts 67-2508
  13. R.W.Bemer, "Escape to reality",
    Forum Editorial, Datamation 15, No. 8, 239-240, 1969 Aug
  14. R.W.Bemer, "Information processing standards",
    Proc. DPMA Intl. Conf. 1970, in
    Data Management 8, No. 9, 115-118, 1970 Sep
    -- Computer Abstracts 71-3126
  15. R.W.Bemer, "A view of the history of the ISO character code",
    Honeywell Computer J. 6, No. 4, 274-286, 1972
      Sociological history of ASCII.
  16. R.W.Bemer, "ASCII -- the data alphabet that will endure",
    Keynote, Proc. 2nd Natl. NBS Symposium on
    Data Elements in Information Processing, 17-22, 1975 Oct 23-24
  17. R.W.Bemer, "Inside ASCII - Part I",
    Interface Age Magazine 3, No. 5, 96-102, 1978 May
  18. R.W.Bemer, "Inside ASCII - Part II",
    Interface Age Magazine 3, No. 6, 64-74, 1978 Jun
  19. R.W.Bemer, "Inside ASCII - Part III",
    Interface Age Magazine 3, No. 7, 80-87, 1978 Jul
      First major tutorial on total ASCII.
  20. R.W.Bemer, "Using ASCII",
    Computers Today 1, No. 1, 1979 Jan
  21. R.W.Bemer, "Standards for keyboards",
    Intl. J. Computers & Standards 1, 1982, 133-135
  22. R.W.Bemer, Letter, "The Father of ASCII Speaks", BYTE Magazine, 36, 1990 Jun
Here are some other papers of that period.

  1. British Standards Institution, "Alpha-numeric Punching Codes for Data for Data Processing Cards", British Standard 3174:1959.
  2. Electronic Industries Association, "EIA Tentative Standards Proposal for Eleven-sixteenths Inch Wide Five-track Perforated Paper Tape."
  3. Electronic Industries Association, "EIA Standards Proposal for One Inch Perforated Paper Tape."
  4. U.S. Army Signal Corps., "Fieldata Equipment Intercommunication Characteristics", memorandum for: Director, Data Processing, Facilities Div., Communications Dept., US-SRDL of 1959 Apr (revised 1959 Aug).
  5. U.S. Department of Defense, Military Standard 188A (Fieldata).
  6. Electronic Industries Association, Committee TR24.4, "Language and Format for Punched and Magnetic Tapes", Document 7233, 1960 May.
  7. W.F.Luebbert, "Information Handling and Processing in Large Communications Systems", Tech. Report 099-1, Stanford Electronics Laboratories, Stanford University, 1960 Jul 11.
  8. H.J.Smith, Jr., "A Short Study of Notational Efficiency", Communications ACM, 1960 Aug.
  9. British Standards Institution, Committee DPE 149, "Draft British Standard for Punched Tape Coding, Part 1. 7 track code", AA (DPE) 3543, 1960 Sep.
  10. H.J.Smith, Jr., F.A. Williams, "Survey of Punched Card Codes", Communications ACM, 1960 Dec.
  11. H. McG. Ross, "Considerations in Choosing a Character Code for Computers and Punched Tapes", The Computer Journal, 1961 Jan.
  12. H. McG. Ross, "Further Survey of Punched Card Codes", Communications ACM, 1961 Apr.
  13. Business Week Magazine, 1963 Jun 15, 128-131, "Versatile Passkey to Cmmunication."