Published Papers -- Robert W. Bemer (1-30)


This document covers papers 1-60, from 1951 through 1970.
For papers 61-122, from 1970 August to present. Click here.

  1. R.W.Bemer, "Machine Method: Iterative Solution of Games",
    RAND Memorandum RM-595-PR, 1951
  2. R.W.Bemer, "Polynomial relaxation coefficients",
    ACM Annual Meeting, Phila., 1955 Sep
  3. R.W.Bemer, "PRINT I - A proposed coding system for the IBM Type 705",
    Proc. Western Joint Computer Conf., 1956 May
  4. R.W.Bemer, "Reference Manual, PRINT I system for the 705", IBM Corp., 1956 Oct
  5. R.W.Bemer, "Report on history and use of automatic coding",
    Proc. GUIDE, Second Session, Appendix Z, 1-6, 1957 Feb 13-15
  6. R.W.Bemer, "Why the engineer should know computer programming",
    Automatic Control, 1957 Feb
  7. R.W.Bemer, "How to consider a computer", Data Control Section,
    Automatic Control Magazine, 1957 Mar, 66-69
  8.   No earlier published article, describing commercial timesharing
      (which the Internet is), has ever been found.

  9. R.W.Bemer, "PRINT I - an automatic coding system for the IBM 705",
    Automatic Coding, Monograph #3, Proc. Automatic Coding Symposium,
    Franklin Institute, 1957 Apr, 29-38
  10. R.W.Bemer, "The status of automatic programming for scientific computation",
    Proc. 4th Annual Computer Applications Symposium,
    Armour Research Foundation, 1957 Oct 24-25, 107-117
  11. R.W.Bemer, "A machine method for square root computation",
    Commun. ACM 1, No. 1, 6-7, 1958 Jan
  12. R.W.Bemer, "XTRAN - a compatible superstructure to FORTRAN,with growth
    possibilities", Proc. GUIDE, 1958 May
      An ALGOL predecessor from IBM
  13. R.W.Bemer, "A subroutine method for calculating logarithms",
    Commun. ACM 1, No. 5, 5-7, 1958 May
  14. R.W.Bemer, "Editor's note on series approximation truncation",
    Commun. ACM 1, No. 9, 3-5, 1958 Sep
  15. R.W.Bemer, "Simulation programs", Commun. ACM 1, No. 11, 5-6, 1958 Nov
  16. R.W.Bemer, "A checklist of intelligence for programming systems",
    Commun. ACM 2, No. 3, 8-13, 1959 Mar
  17. R.W.Bemer, "A table of symbol pairs", Commun. ACM 2, No. 4, 10-11, 1959 Apr
  18. R.W.Bemer, "Evaluating intelligence for programming systems",
    Automatic Control, 1959 Apr, 22-24
  19. R.W.Bemer, "A proposal for a generalized card code of 256 characters",
    Commun. ACM 2, No. 9, 19-23, 1959 Sep
    -- Computing Reviews 00025
      Early public hint of 8-bit bytes to come.
  20. R.W.Bemer, W.Buchholz, "An extended character set standard",
    IBM Tech. Pub. TR00.18000.705, 1960 Jan, rev. TR00.721, 1960 Jun
    -- Computing Reviews 00813

  21. R.W.Bemer, "A proposal for character code compatibility",
    Commun. ACM 3, No. 2, 71-72 (1960 Feb)
    -- Computing Reviews 00320
    -- Computer Abstracts 60-865
      Here was disclosed Bemer's invention of escape sequences. (See it)
  22. R.W.Bemer, "Comment on COBOL",
    Management and Business Automation, 1960 Mar 22
  23. R.W.Bemer, "Do it by the numbers - digital shorthand",
    Commun. ACM 3, No. 10, 530-536, 1960 Oct
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-199
    -- Picture and story, NY Herald Tribune, front page, Section 2, 1960 Jul 05
      This method programmed for RCA by C. Berners-Lee,
        father of Tim Berners-Lee, father of the Web.

      Also treated in David Kahn's classic "The Codebreakers",
        and acknowledged as probably unbreakable then.

  24. R.W.Bemer, "Survey of coded character representation",
    Commun. ACM 3, No. 12, 639-641, 1960 Dec
    -- Computing Reviews 00639
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-287
      Exposing the Babel of internal computer codes,
         the impetus for the creation of ASCII.

  25. R.W.Bemer, "Data compression system",
    IBM Technical Disclosures Bull. 3, 8-9, 1961 Jan
  26. R.W.Bemer, "Survey of modern programming techniques",
    The Computer Bulletin 4, No. 4, 127-135, 1961 Mar
    -- Computing Reviews 01213
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-1025
  27. R.W.Bemer, "Editor's note on binary reciprocals of decimal integers",
    Commun. ACM 4, No. 4, 116, 1961 Apr
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-1909
  28. R.W.Bemer, H.J.Smith, Jr., F.A.Williams,
    "Design of an improved transmission/data processing code",
    Commun. ACM 4, No. 5, 212-217, 225, 1961 May
    -- Computer Abstracts 61-1920
      ASCII in its original form.
  29. M.Grems, R.W.Bemer, F.A.Williams, "IBM Glossary for Information Processing",
    , 1961
  30. R.W.Bemer, "The present status, achievement, and trends of programming
    for commercial data processing", chapter in Digitale Informationswandler,
    Vieweg & Sons, Braunschweig, Germany, 1962, J. Wiley, 1962, 312-349
    -- Computer Abstracts 62-1630
  31. R.W.Bemer, "An international movement in programming languages", in
    Computer Applications Symp., Spartan Books, Baltimore, MD, 1962, 204-214
 

 

 

 
Published Papers -- Robert W. Bemer (31-60)


  1. R.W.Bemer, "Symposium on Programming Languages, IFIP Congress 1962:
    518-523.
      Here the world first learned of the SIMULA language.
  2. R.W.Bemer, W.Buchholz, "Character set",
    Chapter 6 in Planning a Computer System, McGraw-Hill, 1962
    -- Computer Abstracts 62-2004
  3. R.W.Bemer, "A note on range transformations for square root and logarithm",
    Commun. ACM 6, No. 6, 306-307, 1963 Jun
    -- Computing Reviews 04902
    -- Computer Abstracts 63-1839
  4. R.W.Bemer, "The American standard code for information interchange",
    Datamation 9, No. 8, 32-36, 1963 Aug, and ibid 9, No. 9, 39-44, 1963 Sep
    -- Computing Reviews 04910
    -- Computer Abstracts 63-2778
      First major article on ASCII after its formal birth.
  5. R.W.Bemer, "Numerical control and public computing power",
    Proc. APT Tech. Meeting, IIT Research Inst., 1964 Jun, 61-74
  6. Saul Gorn, R.W.Bemer, Julien Green, E.L.Lohse, "Report on CCITT data
    communications study group meeting, Commun. ACM 7, No. 3, 152, 1964 Mar
  7. Saul Gorn, R.W.Bemer, Julien Green, E.L.Lohse, "Proposed American
    standard: bit sequencing of the American standard code for information
    interchange (ASCII) in serial-by-bit data transmission.
    Commun. ACM 7, No. 6, 333-336, 1964 Jun
  8. R.W.Bemer, J.Booth, "Comments on bit-sequencing of the ASCII in serial-
    by-bit data transmission", Commun. ACM 7, No. 8, 483-485, 1964 Aug
    -- Computing Reviews 06519
    -- Computer Abstracts 64-2270
  9. R.W.Bemer, "Software systems customized by computer",
    Proc. IFIP Congress 1965, Vol. II, 356, 1965 May 24-29
      Genesis of the "Software"factory" concept.
  10. R.W.Bemer, "Economics of programming production", in
    Economics of Automatic Data Processing, A.B.Frielink, Ed.,
    North Holland Publ. Co., Amsterdam, 1965, 155-166
    -- Computing Reviews 09742
  11. R.W.Bemer, "Progress in hardware and software",
    Proc. Intl. Data Proc. Conf., Management Centre/Europe, 1966 Mar, 9-11
  12. R.W.Bemer, "Aspects Economiques de la Production de Software", in
    Mecanographie et Informatique, 1966 May
  13. R.W.Bemer, "Information processing - a bit expensive?",
    Forum Editorial, Datamation 12, No. 6, 140, 1966 Jun
  14. R.W.Bemer, "A short history of FORTRAN", in
    C.P.Lecht, The Programmer's FORTRAN II/IV, McGraw-Hill, 1966
  15. R.W.Bemer, "Economics of programming production",
    Datamation 12, No. 9, 32-39, 1966 Sep
  16. R.W.Bemer, "ESC facility in USASCII",
    Letter to the Editor, Commun. ACM 10, No. 4, 202, 1967 Apr

  17. R.W.Bemer, "A history of ALGOL", in
    C.P.Lecht, The Programmer's ALGOL, McGraw-Hill, 1967
  18. R.W.Bemer, "Software and realtime systems", in
    Management Information Systems -- an International Progress Report,
    Management Centre/Europe, 30-37, 1967
  19. R.W.Bemer, "On format effectors", Commun. ACM 10, No. 7, 396, 1967 Jul
  20. R.W.Bemer, "Towards standards for handwritten zero and oh",
    Commun. ACM 10, 8, 513-518, 1967 Aug
    -- Computing Reviews 14629
    -- Computer Abstracts 67-2508
  21. R.W.Bemer, Foreword to C.P.Lecht, The Programmer's PL/I, McGraw-Hill, 1968
  22. R.W.Bemer, A.L.Ellison, "Software instrumentation system for optimum performance",
    Proc. IFIP Cong. 68, Stwe 2, Book C, 39-42
    -- Computer Abstracts 70-1573
    -- Computing Reviews 15765
  23. R.W.Bemer, "The economics of program production",
    Proc. IFIP Congress 68, Booklet I, 13-14
    -- Computer Abstracts 70-1409
  24. R.W.Bemer, "Machine-controlled production environment",
    Report NATO Conf, on Stwe. Engg., Garmisch, 94-95, 1968 Oct 7-11
      First design document for a Software Factory.
  25. R.W.Bemer, "Checklist for planning software system production",
    Report NATO Conf. on Stwe. Engg., Garmisch, 165-180, 1968 Oct 7-11
  26. R.W.Bemer, "Program transfers need early planning", Computerworld, 1969 Feb 05
  27. R.W.Bemer, "A politico-social history of ALGOL", in
    Annual Review of Automatic Programming 5, Pergamon Press, 1969, 151-237
    -- Computing Reviews 18976
      First definitive history of ALGOL development.
  28. R.W.Bemer, "Program transferability",
    Proc. Spring Joint Computer Conf. 34, AFIPS Press, Montvale, NJ, 606-607, 1969
    -- Computer Abstracts 69-3162
  29. R.W.Bemer, "Escape to reality",
    Forum Editorial, Datamation 15, No. 8, 239-240, 1969 Aug
  30. R.W.Bemer, "Manageable software engineering", in
    Software Engineering 1, Proc. COINS III, Academic Press,
    New York, London, 1970, 121-138
    -- Computing Reviews 21123

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